Despite the comprehensive and seemingly endless meltdown of cryptocurrency assets, blockchain technology continues to make significant progress in its integration into major sectors of the global economy. And although some may view blockchain – also known as distributed ledger technology (DLT) – as a failed technology, a passing fad or even a fraud, this technological innovation is nothing less than a paradigm shift on par with the internet.
Guilt by Association
Still, there’s no question that blockchain’s reputation has been tainted by the cryptocurrency debacle. In addition to its breathtaking innovations, first generation blockchain indeed has serious flaws. It wasn’t designed to handle the long-term demands of large companies and groups. It lacks flexibility and scalability, resulting in an ever-slower consensus process, Plus, because it is permissionless and open, privacy is problematic.
The good news is that blockchain has greatly improved. The technology has gone through a variety of successful adaptions, adjustments and second-generation development, with necessities like scale-ability, flexibility, permissioned, rapid consensus, more secure data transmission, and system integrity and privacy added.
A Long-Term Trend With Challenges
But, like many long-term trends, the ramp up to widespread adoption hasn’t been smooth or immediate. Obstacles remain. These include such challenges as identifying the most effective adoption procedures, standardizing internal and international protocols, infrastructure adjustments, industry-wide reciprocation and other practical application needs. But on the individual organizational level, blockchain is already being adopted by those who see the value in it, in spite of these hurdles.
The rise of the cybersecurity industry may well provide a template for blockchain’s ascension. Despite many challenges, in the span of a few years, organizations of all types and sizes embraced cybersecurity technology for their own internal requirements. What’s more, that market continues to grow. Cybersecurity is projected to mushroom into a $1 trillion industry by 2021.
Likewise, there’s a very reasonable expectation that blockchain will follow and even exceed cybersecurity’s rapid growth. In fact, by 2030, Gartner projects the blockchain market to exceed $3 trillion. Given the expansion of uses for the technology, from artificial intelligence to produce tracking, it may reach that mark well before then.
Follow the Money
In fact, one of the most obvious signs that DLT is here to stay and expand is to see where major corporations are investing their capital. Many large and established companies are investing heavily in blockchain development, application and servicing – from multibillion dollar companies such as IBM, to mainstream tax consultants Ernst -amp; Young, to top financial institutions, to industry leading technology consultants such as Congnizant, just to name a very few.
Healthcare Industry As Early Adopter
Healthcare providers are using blockchain because of its advantages in cost savings, efficiency, accuracy, security, flexibility and scalability are unprecedented. The demand for it is urgent. As Solve.Care CEO Pradeep Goel noted:
“This is not an issue of when blockchain will start working in healthcare. It is starting to work. … Once you have the right framework in place, then the use cases will flood in and that is what we are experiencing.”
What’s more, as former U.S. Senate Majority Leader and former thoracic surgeon Bill Frist writes in the November 13, 2018 edition of Forbes magazine, Change Healthcare and TIBCO Software are building the first smart contract system for healthcare. They will use the Change Healthcare Intelligent Healthcare Network blockchain technology and TIBCO’s smart contract developer project, Project Dovetail.
The benefits to the healthcare industry to both providers and patient are clear. Blockchain smart contracts means falling costs, greater accuracy in patient and clinical data tracking, and ultimately, a more patient-centered experience that will deliver better outcomes.
Defense Adoption of Blockchain
Those advantages are also what led Lockheed Martin to become the first U.S. defense partner to adopt blockchain technology. In partnership with Guardtime Federal, Lockheed Martin is using blockchain technology for “fielding new capabilities for mission survivability in a global cyber persistent threat environment.”
In fact, blockchain’s unrivaled security, rapidity and accuracy in the recording and transmission of data is widely recognized among the major powers of the world. Today, the U.S., Russian and Chinese defense establishments, among others, are investing in, testing and integrating blockchain technology into various aspects of their military establishments and operations. It’s not a question of “if” but “when” defense systems integration of blockchain is fully adopted.
A New Blockchain Designed for Global Business
Second generation purpose-built blockchain technologies (and there are many kinds that have been developed) are driving growing acceptance in the financial realm. One example of second generation blockchain is Hyperledger Fabric, from the Linux Foundation. It was created by a group of companies, including leadership from IBM, and is specifically designed to “accommodate the complexity and intricacies that exist across the economic ecosystem.”
Hyperledger Fabric differs from first generation blockchain in that it’s a community ledger made up of members or peer groups, called peer nodes. Peers are, by definition, trustworthy. That eliminates the need for time consuming consensus, upon which blockchain relies so heavily and which severely inhibits the speed of authentication.
What’s more, peer nodes are based on a highly elastic and extensible modular architecture. That changeable feature allows pluggable implementations for participants to meet specific needs such as confidentiality, resiliency, flexibility and scalability that any given organization may require, but won’t find, in first generation blockchain.
In other words, this latest version enables, accelerates and safeguards major financial transactions that are integral to the rapid exchange functions necessary for a capable and highly functioning global financial system. It will also virtually safeguard intellectual property rights across borders and economic zones.
Banks Around the World Want to Adopt Blockchain
Financial groups and banks worldwide are in the process of adopting and applying blockchain technologies.
Given those attributes, it’s not surprising that European banks working on a new payments and transaction platform built on the Hyperledger Fabric. And they’re not alone, either. Banks from the Far East (Thailand) to Oceania are testing Hyperledger Fabric for their next generation contracts and international transaction platforms.
It’s important to note that making the transition from existing systems to blockchain-based ones is, in many cases, more likely to be gradual than immediate. But as more transitions occur, more momentum will gather in favor of adoption and those failing to will face an adapt-or-perish decision. But that’s not a new phenomenon. Companies and organizations of all kinds, industries and sizes faced the same choice with the digital transformation.
Protection Against Malevolent Disruptions
Given the continuous and intensifying disruptions to our current world order, including challenges to our financial system and military capabilities from China, Russia and other adversaries, advanced blockchain technology – whether on Hyperledger Fabric or other advanced blockchain platforms – are unquestionably needed. Maintaining data security and veracity is key to securing our social and infrastructural systems, streamline operations and most of all, to protect us.
From that perspective, the faster the blockchain revolution happens, the better off we’ll be.
Of course, not every firm or organization in the process adopting blockchain is anxious to discuss it in depth, for reasons having to do with security, potential business disruptions and other factors.
For skeptics, it seems that nothing short of a total, worldwide adoption of the distributed ledger technology will validate it. But such myopia reminds one of the same criticisms leveled against the internet’s revolutionary – and evolutionary – development.
But neither ignorance nor pessimism can change the fact that organizations and governments around the world are in various stages of testing and deploying blockchain. The reason is simple: it is unmatched in its ability to secure data and IP, reduce friction from international transactions, coordinate highly complex interacting systems, and much more.
Today, the blockchain revolution is real and transformational. Looking back, critics will realize just how rapid the transformation to blockchain really was—and how they didn’t see it coming.
JAMES GORRIE IS A WRITER BASED IN TEXAS. HE IS THE AUTHOR OF “THE CHINA CRISIS.”Full article